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Comparative Linguistics – Table

The table below compares the Sanskrit words from the Agnistoma Hymn with their equivalents in Latin, Finnish, English, Proto-Indo-European (PIE), Tamil, and Sumerian languages:

yajñebhiriānuibusuhreinwégʰn̥-bhisயாகங்களால்gi-na-galwith the offerings
āhutiṁauctoruhrah₂éwǵʰtiஆகுதிhu-kudthe oblations
yajñebhiḥiānuibusuhreinwégʰn̥-bhisயாகங்களால்gi-na-galthrough the sacrifices
sāmansamānumsielusómசமம்ša-mathe chants
brahmabonusbuddhabʰréh₂mபிரம்மாpa-ra-bi-mathe all-pervading reality
sāmansamānumsielusómசமம்ša-mathe chants
hūvevoveokutsuah₂éu-ஹூம்hu-umI invoke
hotāraṁhostishotuagwṓh₂terஹோதாhu-tathe Invoker
viṣṇuṁuiscenuswiisuwíḱnuவிஷ்ணுwi-si-nuVishnu (the all-pervading god)
puruhūtaṁpericulumperehtöperúh₂u-பரம்ஹம்pa-ra-ma-hathe Supreme Being
brahmaṇābonusbuddhabʰréh₂mபிரம்மத்தால்pa-ra-ma-ha-talthrough Brahman
viśvatomukhamuicusvisuwiḱs-tó-m̥̥kʰoவிசுவ முகwi-su-va-mu-kawith the face turned in all directions

This comparative analysis demonstrates the linguistic connections and shared roots among Indo-European languages and mythologies. The Sanskrit words from the Agnistoma Hymn find cognates or related terms in Latin, Finnish, English, Proto-Indo-European (PIE), Tamil, and Sumerian languages. This highlights the ancient linguistic and cultural ties that span across these language families.

The similarities in vocabulary and meanings suggest a common ancestral language and shared mythological concepts. For example, the Sanskrit word “Agni” (fire) is related to the Latin “ignis,” the PIE root “h₂egʷʰni,” and the Sumerian word “an-ki.” Similarly, the word “yajña” (sacrifice) has cognates in Latin, Finnish, English, PIE, Tamil, and Sumerian.

The presence of these linguistic connections supports the idea of a Proto-Indo-European language and culture that gave rise to various Indo-European languages and mythologies. The comparative analysis also highlights the potential influences and interactions between these ancient cultures. By examining the linguistic similarities and shared roots, we gain insights into the common origins and cultural exchanges that shaped the development of these languages and mythologies over time. The Agnistoma Hymn, with its rich vocabulary and sacred concepts, serves as a valuable source for comparative linguistic and mythological studies within the Indo-European framework.

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